Hoang Sa – Truong Sa exhibition comes to Nghe An

The system was centered 150 kilometers southeast of Hainan Island, China at 7 a.m. this morning. Wind power near the center of the system reached level 7 moving 50-60 kilometers an hour. In the next 24 hours, the tropical depression is expected to move west at 5 kilometers an hour and might intensify into a typhoon tomorrow. The eye of the storm will locate south of the island. Wind power will increase to level 8 travelling 60-75 kilometers an hour. The typhoon will move west northwest at the same speed to locate 340 kilometers east southeast off the coast from Ha Tinh to Nam Dinh provinces on Tuesday. Under influence of the intensifying system, the northern, middle and southern parts of the East Sea comprising the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) Islands have been rough and choppy. The water off provinces from Binh Thuan to Ca Mau, Ca Mau to Kien Giang and the Gulf of Tonkin have seen shower and thunderstorms. Another typhoon named Roke has brewed northeast of the East Sea yesterday afternoon. It is forecast to move west at 25-30 kilometers an hour in the next 12 hours starting 7 a.m. this morning to make landfall in Guangdong province, China and weaken.By staff writers – Translated by Hai Mien... [read more]

Mr Dung’s visit aims to affirm Vietnam’s foreign policy of further developing cooperative relations, especially in economics, trade and investment with neighbouring countries and those in the region including the Philippines. During the visit, PM Dung is expected to meet President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, President of the Senate Manny Villar and Speaker of the House of Representatives Jose de Venecia. He will speak at the National University of the Philippines and at the Vietnam-Philippines Business Forum and visit the National Hero Rizai’s Monument, Vietnamese Embassy staff and the overseas Vietnamese community in the Philippines. Since Vietnam and the Philippines established diplomatic ties in July 12, 1976, bilateral relations have increasingly developed in all fields through the exchange of high-level visits to enhance mutual understanding and trust between the two countries’ leaders and people. During President Arroyo’s visit to Vietnam in November 2002, the two countries signed a bilateral cooperation framework for the 21st century. They later signed a memorandum of understanding in November 2005 to ratify a plan of action to implement the joint statement on bilateral cooperation for the first 25 years of the 21st century. They have cooperated in implementing the Declaration of the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) in order to accelerate the adoption of the Code of Conduct on the East Sea (COC) and the signing of a tripartite agreement (China, the Philippines and Vietnam) on seismic exploration in the agreed areas of the East Sea signed on March 14, 2005. The three…... [read more]

However, the coordination remains inadequate, according to a political report presented at the 11th National Party Congress. Therefore, the Communist Party of Vietnam worked out important directions to ensure both marine-based economic growth and national defence and security until 2020. In the document of its 11th National Congress, the Party focused on developing the marine economy to fully tap Vietnam’s potential. Vietnam has a coastline of 3,260 km and sovereignty and jurisdiction over a total area of about 1 million square kilometres of the sea includinginternal waters, territorial waters, the contiguous zone, exclusive economic zones and its continental shelf. It has 3,000 islands of various sizes, 12 archipelagoes, as well as the Truong Sa (Spratly) and Hoang Sa (Paracel) archipelagos. All the sea and islands are in 125 coastal districts in 28 provinces, including 12 island districts. Of the 1,656 km2 of Vietnam’s islands and archipelagos, 66 islands are inhabited with a total population of more than 155,000 people. All the islands and archipelagoes are an inseparable part of the country that plays a very important role in national defence and construction. Developing the marine-based economy The Party and State have attached great importance to the sea and islands and are determined to turn Vietnam into a strong marine-based country, considering it a strategic target for national defence and construction. In the 1990-1992 period, Vietnam launched an East Sea – Islands programme, followed by the Party Politburo’s policies on sea-based economic development and the struggle to protect the country’s sovereignty…... [read more]

Old map proves China’s claims are worthless All maps drawn by Chinese people before 1909 indicate that the southernmost point of China is Hainan Island. Meanwhile, Vietnamese made maps and European navigation charts since the 17th century have depicted that the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) Archipelagos belong to Vietnam. According to historian Duong Trung Quoc, China’s oldest map in contemporary times, “Hoang trieu truc tinh dia du toan do” (an administrative map of provincial boundaries) published in 1904, reflects China’s perception of its territory during the Qing Dynasty. This shows that by the early 20th century, the Chinese feudal administration had not yet intended to claim sovereignty over the two archipelagos of Vietnam. “This is important significant evidence and supplements the historical evidence proving Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagos,” Quoc said. In fact, China only started claiming Hoang Sa from 1909 and Truong Sa from 1935 while Vietnam held much earlier evidence of its sovereignty in the East Sea, at least from the 17th century. According to East Sea researcher Nguyen Hong Thao, the evidence Vietnam has collected is overwhelming. They are recorded in royal historical works compiled by the Office of National History and printed during the Nguyen Dynasty. They include “Dai Nam thuc luc chinh bien” (The Main Part of The Chronicles of Dai Nam, 1848), “Kham Dinh Dai Nam hoi dien su le” (The Dai Nam Administrative Records, 1843-1851), “Dai Nam nhat thong chi” (The Geography of the Unified…... [read more]

The statement was made by spokesman Luong Thanh Nghi at the Foreign Ministry’s regular press briefing in Hanoi on October 11. In reply to media questions about Vietnam’s response to China’s recent acts, Nghi said China has violated Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagos. Following a series of illegal activities of building and developing the so-called “Sansha city”, China held a flag raising ceremony on October 1 to mark its National Day on Phu Lam island in the Hoang Sa archipelago. On October 3, the Chinese navy’s Nanhai Fleet held an exercise in the waters of the Hoang Sa archipelago and five days later, China set up a meteorological station of the so-called Sansha city. Earlier, on September 23, the Chinese press reported that China will deploy unmanned aircraft to intensify the surveillance of the waters, including the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos. The Chinese side’s above mentioned acts seriously violated Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos, international law and the agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues between Vietnam and China signed in October 2011, Nghi noted. They also ran counter to the spirit of the Declaration on Conduct of the Parties in the East Sea (DOC) signed between ASEAN and China in 2002, thus further complicating the East Sea situation. These acts are totally null and void, he affirmed. At the press briefing on the same day, in response to a question on a…... [read more]

Prof. Dr. Kim Huyn Jae, Director of the Centre for Vietnamese Studies, said the event aims to provide participants with accurate and objective information on the disputes and the perspectives of Vietnam and other Southeast Asian nations on the settlement of the conflict. Prof Kim, who is also Secretary General of the Association of People Loving Vietnam in the Republic of Korea (VESAMO), said the workshop developed a deeper understanding of the issue amongst Korean scholars, researchers and general public and helped work out solutions to the conflict, contributing to maintaining peace and marine security in the East Sea, and the world at large. Speakers made an in-depth analysis of the root causes of the recent East Sea disputes between China and several Southeast Asian nations, including Vietnam and the Philippines. They made clear the absurdity of China’s “nine-dotted line” claim, legal and historical evidence asserting Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagos, as well as its stance regarding the settlement of the disputes in line with international law, especially the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). They also spoke of the responsibility of the international community and related countries in maintaining peace and security in the East Sea. Themed “Policy Signs and Disputes on the Islands in South East Asia”, the workshop brought together experts, scholars and students from Yongsan University, the Institute of Oceanography, the Center for Vietnamese Studies and VESAMO. This was the first workshop of its kind…... [read more]

Sam Rainsy, the runner-up of the recent Cambodian parliamentary election, stated in an interview with several international media agencies that Hanoi transgressed Cambodia’s territory. His statement is groundless because Vietnam and Cambodia have a time-honoured friendship and good neighbourly relationship, which has been nurtured and consolidated by generations of Vietnamese and Cambodians. The past struggle for national independence and freedom has bound the two countries in their common effort for peace, stability, cooperation and development. The Vietnamese people have stood shoulder to shoulder with Cambodians in various periods of historical upheavals, especially helping them get rid of the Pol Pot Khmer Rouge genocidal regime and develop their economy. The Vietnamese Party and State attach great importance to developing and consolidating the friendship and comprehensive cooperation with Cambodia. Bilateral cooperative ties have developed steadily in all areas over recent years. Both countries worked closely together in border demarcation and marker planting toward building a shared border line of peace, stability, cooperation, and development. Vietnam is happy with the successful parliamentary election on July 28, and hopes that Cambodia will soon be able to establish a new parliament and government for its own stability and development, contributing to regional peace and solidarity. It is clear to all and sundry that Sam Rainsy’s groundless statement causes harm to not only Vietnam-Cambodia relations but also the close bond formed by the blood and tears of both peoples. Sam Rainsy even made misleading information about territorial sovereignty concerning recent sea disputes in the region. BBC…... [read more]

Disputes in the East Sea affect not only the countries directly involved but also threaten regional and global peace, stability, cooperation, and development in the region and the world as a whole. Maintaining peace and stability in the East Sea is objectively aimed meeting the common aspirations and common interests of contiguous nations and the region more broadly Countries derogating themselves the right to outline territorial zones to the disadvantage of smaller neighbours must learn how to redress the balance. US Senator John McCain—a former Republican Party presidential candidate—said tensions between China and other nations in the East Sea demonstrates the need for a strong US presence in the region. McCain said regional tensions have escalated in recent times and should be dealt with through negotiations. China needs to negotiate with countries claiming sovereignty over parts of the East Sea to reach an agreement encompassing the sharing of major natural resources over there. Vietnam persists in its foreign policy of independence and self-reliance without relying on this country as a counterweight against another country. Vietnam is ready to join every bilateral and multilateral effort aimed at maintaining peace and stability in the East Sea, provided international law and the fundamental interests of concerned parties are respected. The joint statement following Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s 2011 visit to China said that while working towards more permanent solutions, the two sides should maintain peace and stability in the East Sea, keep calm, exercise self-restraint, and avoid any tension inflaming action.…... [read more]

Tran Duy Hai, Deputy Director of the National Boundary Commission (NBC) made the affirmation in an interview granted to the Vietnam News Agency after China illegally brought its oil rig into Vietnam’s waters, brazenly violating Vietnam’s sovereign right and jurisdiction in the East Sea. He affirmed that Vietnam has sufficient historical evidence to prove its sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes as well as its sovereign rights and jurisdiction over its waters in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982). “In any circumstance and from any angle, China’s move of bringing the oil rig and dozens of vessels of all kinds into Vietnam’s waters is unlawful and runs counter to provisions of international law, and Vietnam strongly protests these acts,” Hai said. Asked about China’s statement at a press conference on May 8 that it would only sit down for negotiations when Vietnam withdraws ships from the area where China is attempting to position the oil rig, the official made clear that as the area is entirely in Vietnam’s sovereign right and jurisdiction, the presence of Vietnam’s law enforcement forces, which are the coast guard and the fisheries surveillance agency, at the site to exercise management measures is totally in line with international law. He stressed that the most important thing now is China must withdraw all its vessels and the oil rig from that area. In response to China’s allegation that Vietnamese ships intentionally crashed into…... [read more]

The society said that China’s deployment of a drilling oil rig Ocean 981 in Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone and continental shelf was illegal and runs counter to international law and is a serious violation of Vietnam's sovereignty. China’s violations have detrimentally affected and hindered normal activities of Vietnam's fishery associations and fishermen. Vietnam has sufficient historic and legal basis to assert its sovereignty over Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagos and sovereign rights over its exclusive economic zone and continental shelf according to provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The society strongly condemned China’s illegal acts and requested China withdraw its giant drilling rig Ocean-981 and escort vessels from Vietnamese waters.... [read more]

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