Science Avenue is named in central Binh Dinh Province

NDO/VNA – The Shah Alam High Court of Malaysia announced on July 28 that the trial of Vietnamese citizen Doan Thi Huong and Indonesian citizen Siti Aisyah, the suspects in the murder of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) citizen Kim Chol, will last for 23 days, until the end of this November. The announcement was made after the first trial of the Shah Alam High Court was concluded. Judge Azmi Ariffin, who chaired the trial, said that the next hearings will be from October 2-5, 9-10, 24-26 and November 6-9, 13-16 and 27-30, adding that the defendants could enter their plea from the October 2 hearing. As scheduled, the court will summon 30 witnesses and 10 specialists to the hearings. On July 28, the two suspects wore bullet-proof jackets and were taken to the court under close protection of security forces. Under the direction of Viet Nam's Foreign Ministry, the embassy of Vietnam in Malaysia will continue working closely with the Vietnamese agencies concerned and the Malaysian lawyers defending Huong, to ensure the trial is fair and objective and that Huong's legitimate interests are protected. Kim Chol, as named in his passport, died at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on February 13. Malaysian officials claim he was poisoned, but the DPRK insist that he died of a heart attack, combined with high blood pressure and diabetes. At the court hearing on March 1, the two women were charged with murder but they denied the charge and said that they were…... [read more]

NDO - Human trafficking is a complicated situation, not only causing harm to ethics, race, lifestyle, habits, customs and laws, but also directly affects the security and order of the country, as well as being of great concern for society as a whole. From the beginning of 2011 until June this year, there have been 2,748 human trafficking cases involving 4,110 traffickers and 5,984 victims, of which 447 cases were for the purpose of marriage accounting for 27% of the total number of human trafficking cases with 1,140 victims. The crimes occurred in all provinces and cities across the country. The victims are not only women and children, but also men and new-borns, and the phenomenon of surrogacy. More than 80% of the victims were trafficked abroad, mainly through the border gates between Vietnam and Cambodia, Laos, and China. Criminals are mainly scapegoats with criminal records and charges against them for trafficking. They work in combination to entice, hook, cheat, and coerce victims in order to traffic them abroad. In addition, there are also foreigners visiting Vietnam in the form of tourism and business activities, but are then linking with the Vietnamese brokers to form transnational human trafficking rings. Notably, in recent times, by taking advantage of favourable policies on immigration procedures, issuance of citizens' passports and cross border travel passes, many traffickers have organised rings for human trafficking abroad, in the form of tourism, visiting relatives, and illegal labour. Victims are usually not provided with residency procedures or the…... [read more]

Britain will ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2040 in an attempt to reduce air pollution that could herald the end of over a century of reliance on the internal combustion engine. A man refuels his car at a petrol station in London, Britain, July 26, 2017. Britain's step, which follows France, amounts to a victory for electric cars that if copied globally could hit the wealth of oil producers, as well as transform car industry jobs and one of the icons of 20th Century capitalism: the automobile itself. The mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens have said they plan to ban diesel vehicles from city centers by 2025, while the French government also aims to end the sale of new gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2040. The British government has been under pressure to take steps to reduce air pollution after losing legal cases brought by campaign groups. Prime Minister Theresa May's Conservatives had pledged to make "almost every car and van" zero-emission by 2050. "There should be no new diesel or petrol vehicles by 2040," environment minister Michael Gove told BBC Radio. The ban would only apply to conventional rather than hybrid vehicles that have both an electric and combustion engine, Gove's ministry said. There is a mountain to climb, however. Electric cars currently account for less than 5 percent of new car registrations in Britain, with drivers concerned about the cost and limited availability of charging points and manufacturers worried about…... [read more]

We, today’s generation of the Vietnamese people, are well implementing President Ho Chi Minh’s teaching: “Sick soldiers, wounded soldiers, families of servicemen and martyrs are those who have made great contributions to the Fatherland and people. Therefore, we all feel duty bound to pay gratitude, love and support them.” In the reality, the Party, State and people always respect and highly value the great contribution and sacrifice of troops and people who have devoted their youth, flesh and blood, and even their lives to the Fatherland. The Party and State has given first and foremost priority to the policy for national contributors, and paid due attention to educating people from all walks of life, particularly young ones, about sense of responsibility, duty and gratitude to national contributors.  (Photo for illustration) Although the country’s economy faces difficulties, the Party and State always take good care of national contributors, promote gratitude activities, issue more favorable policies for national contributors, and restlessly improve living conditions of national contributors. Party committees and authorities from the Central level to local one earmark a considerable amount of resources for searching and collecting remains of martyrs as well as building and upgrading cemeteries of martyrs and other memorial projects. As a result, pay-back movements have been developing in depth and width, and now become a national cultural beauty and humane feature continuously upheld by the whole people and society. In spite of the great effort of the Party and State,…... [read more]

Party leader Nguyen Phu Trong presents gifts to national contributors  As of 2017, Vietnam has confirmed 9 million national contributors including war martyrs, heroic Vietnamese mothers, Heroes of the People’s Armed Forces, Labor Heroes, war invalids, war veterans, and their relatives. Fine-tuning policies Since President Ho Chi Minh signed a decree in 1947 on allowances for war invalids and martyrs, Vietnam has developed a system of policies and preferences for war invalids, families of war martyrs and national contributors. Under new legislation, more than 1.4 million revolutionary contributors and relatives are receiving monthly allowances worth a total of US$1.2 billion a year.  Party leader Nguyen Phu Trong has recently signed a directive defining care for national contributors as a regular and long-term task of the whole political system and society.  Trong called for a new ordinance to replace the current Ordinance on National Contributors and policies on contributors to the Vietnamese revolution inside and outside Vietnam and the 3rd generation of people affected by toxic chemicals. Deputy Minister of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs Doan Mau Diep said, “Under the new directive, by 2020 the living standard of national contributors will reach the average level of the local population. Localities have accelerated the review and settlement of documents pending from the war to identify war invalids, martyrs, and national contributors.” Expanded movements of paying debts of gratitude The movements of paying debts of gratitude have expanded. In the last 10…... [read more]

PM Phuc asked ministries, sectors and localities to thoroughly grasp the Party’s guidelines and the State’s policies and laws, intensify educational campaigns to raise public awareness, and make the implementation of preferential policies for revolution contributors a duty and a frequent and long-term mission of the whole political system and the entire society. He expressed his hope that the war invalids, wounded soldiers, families of war martyrs, and revolution contributors will continue promoting the patriotic tradition and contribute more to the national building cause. According to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), Vietnam has more than 9 million revolution contributors, including 1.2 million fallen soldiers, 127,000 Heroic Mothers, and 800,000 war invalids. Over the past 5 years, over 75,000 sets of remains of fallen soldiers have been found and reburied. Of the total, 16,600 sets of remains were repatriated from Laos and 15,100 sets brought back from Cambodia. The Party and State’s preferential policies have benefited 95.75 percent of the revolution contributors. The national conference, jointly held by the MoLISA, the Ministries and Defence and Public Security, the Nhan Dan Newspaper, and the Hanoi municipal People’s Committee, was attended by 700 Heroic Mothers, war invalids, wounded soldiers, and martyrs’ relatives. Delegates watched documentaries on activities to show gratitude for those who rendered service to the nation, and heard stories of outstanding revolution contributors. On the occasion of the 70th War Invalids and Martyrs’ Day (July 27), 70 outstanding revolution contributors…... [read more]

Deputy Prime Minister Truong Hoa Binh has called for efforts to drastically implement solutions to crimes with heed paid to raising public awareness of the fight. Deputy Prime Minister Truong Hoa Binh speaks at a conference reviewing the fight against crimes and human trafficking in the first half of this year in Hanoi on July 26 Binh, who is also head of the Government Steering Committee for the National Programme on Crime Prevention and Control (Steering Committee 138/CP), made the request while addressing a conference reviewing the fight against crimes and human trafficking in the first half of this year in Hanoi on July 26.  He said the crime situation is forecast to develop complicatedly in the remaining months of year, asking the Steering Committee to effectively materialise relevant resolutions issued by the Party, National Assembly and Government.  The official urged competent agencies to conduct more crime sweeps in order to ensure social order and safety, as well as security for the country’s political, diplomatic and cultural events, especially the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting and related meetings, he said.  At the same time, efforts should be channeled into busting organised criminal gangs, those using weapons, explosives and high technologies, child abuse crimes, human traffickers, economic crimes, killers, smugglers and those illegally exploiting minerals, he stressed.  In a parallel effort, competent agencies need to improve the quality of investigation and promptly handle serious cases of public concern, including 12 corruption cases as instructed by the Politburo, Binh said.  He pointed out…... [read more]

NDO - A number of activities have been organised across the country to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Wounded and Fallen Soldiers Day (July 27, 1947-2017). The Party Committee, People’s Committee and People's Council of Ho Chi Minh City on July 27 organised a ceremony to present the State title of “Vietnamese Heroic Mother” to 59 women who lost their husbands and children during wartime. Among the awardees, only five are still alive. Addressing the awards ceremony, Politburo member and Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee Nguyen Thien Nhan expressed his deep gratitude to the mothers for their sacrifice in the struggle for national independence. The city will do its utmost to help the mothers fully benefit from social welfare policies, he noted. Ho Chi Minh City has so far awarded the title to 5,248 mothers living in the southern locality. On the same day, the southern province of Dong Thap held a ceremony to rebury the remains of 106 Vietnamese voluntary soldiers who laid down their lives in Cambodia during wartime. The remains were found in the Pray Veng and Pursat provinces of Cambodia in the 2016-2017 dry season by Group K91 of the Dong Thap Military Command. Also on July 27, the Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of the southern province of Vinh Long opened an exhibition of portraits of Vietnamese Heroic Mothers in the province. The exhibition features 101 portraits of heroic mothers, painted by Tran Minh Thai, a member of the Vietnam…... [read more]

A small green sponge discovered in dark, icy waters of the Pacific off Alaska could be the first effective weapon against pancreatic cancer, researchers said on Wednesday. Pancreatic cancer, with particularly aggressive tumors, is notoriously difficult to treat. "One would never have imagined looking at this sponge that it could be miraculous," Bob Stone, a researcher at the NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center, said in a briefing by phone. Stone discovered the sponge, dull in color, called "Latrunculia austini" in 2005 while on a seabed exploration expedition in Alaska. It lives on rocks in patches at depths of 230-720 feet (70-219m). Lab testing has shown that several molecules in this sponge selectively destroy pancreatic cancer cells, said Mark Hamann, a University of South Carolina researcher working with Fred Valeriote of the Henry Ford Cancer Institute in Detroit. "This is undoubtedly the most active molecule against pancreatic cancer that we see," said Hamann. "Although there is still much work to be done, it marks the first key step in the discovery and process of developing a treatment," he said. Pancreatic cancer progresses slowly, a circumstance which leaves patients in a tough position as late diagnosis means little chance for successful treatment. Patients' chances of survival at five years for this tumor are only 14%, according to the American Cancer Society. "I've looked at 5,000 sponge extracts over the last two decades," Valeriote said. "In terms of this particular pattern of pancreatic and ovarian cancer selective activity, we’ve only seen one…... [read more]

Technological advances mean fossil fuel in cars could be phased out within decades but switching to electric carries its own environmental and economic concerns as more and more countries announce radical plans. Clean to run, but to make the battery? Not so much. (AFP/Prakash SINGH) LONDON: Technological advances mean fossil fuel in cars could be phased out within decades but switching to electric carries its own environmental and economic concerns as more and more countries announce radical plans. Britain on Wednesday (Jul 26) said it would "end the sale of all conventional petrol and diesel cars" by 2040, following similar proposals by France earlier this month to reduce nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution. China issued plans last year requiring that 12 per cent of cars sold be battery-powered or plug-in hybrids by 2020, while India has said it wants to replace all vehicles with electric vehicles by 2030. Norway hopes to end sales of new petrol and diesel cars by 2025, and other countries such as Sweden and Denmark and Finland have expressed similar ambitions to phase out fossil fuel engines. "Given the rate of improvement in battery and electric vehicle technology over the last ten years, by 2040 small combustion engines in private cars could well have disappeared without any government intervention," said Alastair Lewis, professor of atmospheric chemistry at the University of York. "Nonetheless this is highly symbolic since it…... [read more]

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