Vietnam aims to cut road accidents, death tolls by 5-10 percent

NDO – To achieve the objective of rapid and sustainable development, the central coastal province of Quang Ngai should focus on improving the implementation of ethnic minority support policies, with a priority on poverty reduction, Deputy Prime Minister Truong Hoa Binh has said. The deputy PM, who is also a Politburo member, held a working session with the key leaders of Quang Ngai province on Monday to discuss the implementation of ethnic affairs in the locality. At the working session, Chairman of Quang Ngai People's Committee Tran Ngoc Cang said that ethnic minority work has received special attention from Quang Ngai leaders across all levels, especially in poverty reduction in ethnic minorities and mountainous areas. The province has effectively implemented programmes and policies, which have resulted in positive achievements in reducing the rate of poor households. By the end of 2016, the rate of poor households in the whole province decreased to 13.5%, of which mountainous districts decreased by 4.83% (from 46.7% to 41.9%). However, the Quang Ngai leader also pointed out several weaknesses that need to be overcome, such as unsustainable results in poverty reduction, with a range of newly emerging poor and near poor households, investment resources for poverty reduction programmes has not met the set target and the limited effectiveness of several projects to reduce poverty. In the last six months of 2017, Quang Ngai strives to reduce the rate of poor households in mountainous districts by 5.54% per year, in accordance with…... [read more]

Speaking at the third world climate change conference in Geneva on September 4, Nguyen Van Duc, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, said this end the Vietnamese Government has approved the National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change and approved publication ‘Climate Change Scenarios toward 2100 for Vietnam’. Vietnam will continue to closely cooperate with the World Meteorology Organisation and other international organisations to address climate change, he added. According to the official, the annual average temperature in Vietnam has increased by about 0.5-0.7 degrees centigrade in the last 50 years, and sea levels have increased by about 20cm at the same time. Climate change has created natural disasters, such as typhoons, storms, floods and droughts, and such disasters are becoming increasingly severe in the Southeast Asian country. Mr Duc also cited the World Bank’s Report in 2007 as saying that Vietnam is one of the five countries which will be most affected by climate change due to its long coastlines, high density of population and economic activity in coastal areas and a heavy reliance on agriculture, natural resources and forestry. The third world climate conference, themed “Better climate information for a better future”, took place from August 31 to September 4.... [read more]

The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs in coordination with the United National Development Programme (UNDP) held a conference in Hanoi on October 2 to review the National Targeted Programme for Poverty Reduction (NTP-PR) in the 2006-2010 term. Vietnam has already attained the twin Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of halving the number of hungry people and people living in poverty by 2015. This is a significant achievement acknowledged internationally, and the NTP-PR made an important contribution to this success. The mid-term review underscored five factors: relevance, effectiveness in meeting targets, programme economy and efficiency, targeting efficacy and quality of service delivery. The review found that the programme experiences a degree of leakage (non-poor people receiving programme benefits) and under-coverage (poor people not included in the programme). The reasons for this are various but a key problem identified by the review is the current administrative system of targeting beneficiaries, which is slow and unwieldy and may not be well-suited to changing conditions in which people frequently move in out of poverty. In terms of service quality, beneficiaries praised the programme but the review showed that there is still significant scope for improving communications and participation. Dang Kim Trung, deputy head of the Institute for Labour, Sciences and Social Affairs, proposed some short-, medium- and long-term measures to cope with anticipated problems. As Vietnam moves toward middle-income status there will have to be new yard sticks for poverty and new poverty reduction targets. Poverty mostly occurs in remote and socially excluded…... [read more]

The report said that climate change could create gender inequality by generating extra work for women and exacerbating their vulnerability, as they will have to take on more agricultural tasks as a result of male migration and the increase in local non-agricultural jobs. According to the report, Vietnam has a strong track record on promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment and the country has legislation and policy frameworks in place to address gender inequality and promote women’s rights, including the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on Domestic Violence. However, “gender has been relatively neglected in research and policy analysis, as well as in international and national policy processes,” said the report. Vietnam’s National Targets Programme to Respond to Climate Change underlined gender equality as a guiding principle but it is largely dormant with no specific targets or activities to address women’s vulnerability or gender issues, especially at community level. The report added that it is necessary to ensure women’s participation in policy making and decision-making on climate changes at all levels; raise public awareness of training on the link between gender and climate change; protect women’s rights particularly during and after disasters that are caused by climate change and create opportunities for women as a primary response to problems caused by climate change. All the recommendations were put forward in the context that one million Vietnamese are affected annually by climate related disasters. Vietnam, on average, experiences five to six tropical storms in its coastal areas annually; flooding…... [read more]

The First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Vietnam, Pham Binh Minh, noted that Vietnam has adopted the Law on Drug Prevention and Control, established the National Committee on Drug Prevention and Control, and endorsed the Master Plan and National Target Programme on Drug Prevention and Control until 2010. He further said that the country has ratified the three UN conventions on drug control and expanded cooperation with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and regional countries, especially those in the Mekong-sub region. Vietnam has recently signed 8 bilateral agreements on drug control with Cambodia, Laos, China, Russia, Thailand, Myanmar, Hungary and the US, Minh added. The Vietnamese official expressed his concern about the complicated developments of drug-related crimes which are growing in a more sophisticated manner and called for international joint efforts in the prevention and control of such dangerous crimes, with the UN entities, particularly the UNODC, playing a crucial role in the fight against drug trafficking.... [read more]

The seminar, held on the sidelines of the UN Climate Change Conference, was co-chaired by Vietnamese Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Pham Khoi Nguyen and Deputy Minister Nguyen Thai Lai. “Despite the adverse impact of climate change such as rising sea level and natural disasters, the Government of Vietnam pledged to cope with the phenomena effectively by executing its National Target Programme on Climate Change with assistance provided by donors and the international community,” said Mr. Nguyen. At the seminar, representatives from the Ministries of Natural Resources and Environment, Agriculture and Rural Development, Science and Technology, presented reports on the real situation of climate change in Vietnam and the country’s policies and strategies to mitigate its impact. Worthy of note were issues regarding rising sea levels, management of natural disaster risks, management and protection of forests, how to seek funding for the implementation of the National Target Programme on Climate Change, the possibility of wind and solar energy development, and experiences in cooperation with international and non-governmental organisations. The same day, Mr. Nguyen had a meeting with Luxembourg’s Minister for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs, Marie Josee Jacobs. He told the Luxembourg minister that Vietnam is forecast to suffer far-reaching effects of climate change and likely to lose up to 40 percent of its area in the Mekong delta region – the country’s main granary. Ensuring food security for Vietnam means ensuring food security for the world because Vietnam is capable of providing rice for an additional 100 million…... [read more]

Speaking at a press conference on December 19 on the results of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Pham Khoi Nguyen emphasized the need for Vietnam to carry out five key tasks. These include reinforcing the efficiency of the sea dyke systems, particularly in the Mekong Delta; developing afforestation, especially protection of forests and mangroves; launching campaigns to prevent natural disasters; synchronizing the hydro meteorological monitoring and forecasting system; and proposing measures to protect the Mekong Delta and Red River rice granaries. Minister Nguyen noted that Vietnam took advantage of bilateral meetings on the sidelines of the conference to draw support from international organisations like the UNDP, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the World Bank, and the host country. Vietnam emphasized that Vietnam is always in the front line of responding to climate change with its national target programme listed as one of more than 20 first strategic programme in the world.... [read more]

At the meeting, health officials identified preventive healthcare and food safety and hygiene as the two main tasks for the year, they also agreed that more efforts should be made to improve the quality of medical examinations and improve healthcare infrastructure so as to ease the overload situation at hospitals. They called for increased investment in human resources and medical research. This year, the ministry will continue to work on the population and reproductive health strategy of the 2011-2020 period and the national target programme on reproductive health of the 2011-2015 period. According to the ministry’s evaluation, for the first time in the past several years the health sector completed all targets set by the government in 2009 beyond expectations. Healthcare facilities from the central to local levels were gradually upgraded. The country now has nearly 13,500 state healthcare establishments, over 100 private hospitals and over 35,000 private clinics. In 2009, more than 115 million people underwent medical examinations and over 10 million others received treatment in hospital, which marks a year-on-year increases of 110 percent and 112 percent respectively. Domestic hospitals are now capable of performing complicated operations that require international techniques, such as kidney, cornea and liver transplants. Communicable diseases, including dengue fever and the A/H1N1 influenza, were contained during the year. However, provincial preventive healthcare systems did not receive due investment, leading to shortages of qualified manpower and equipment. Consequently, poor people in remote areas still had difficulty getting access to medical check-ups. The meeting also highlighted…... [read more]

This was announced at a conference in Hanoi on March 24 to review the implementation of the national target programme on food hygiene and safety. Participants in the conference emphasised the need to increase public awareness of the issues and intensify inspection work on the implementation of regulations on food hygiene and safety. It is necessary to build canteens to provide safe food for workers in a number of provinces and cities. In addition, they said, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development should cooperate with relevant ministries and agencies to control the use of veterinary medicine, fodder and insecticides and to build safe agricultural production areas.... [read more]

This budgetary support comes in addition to the 10-billion-Yen loan (around 85 million euro) already granted by the Japanese government to support this initiative, said a press release issued by the French Embassy to Vietnam on May 14. This programme aims at promoting the development of a legal and regulatory framework to foster climate change mitigation and adaptation measures as well as facilitating the implementation of pilot projects. If the sea-level rises 1 metre, close to 5 percent of Vietnam’s land, 11 percent of the country’s population and, 7 percent of its agricultural land would be affected. Vietnam’s GDP would suffer a 10 percent drop, the press release said. To deal with these challenges, the Vietnamese Government has approved the National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP-RCC) in December 2008. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and AFD will support NTP-RCC implementation through their commitment to financing SP-RCC.... [read more]

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