Vietnam applauds global treaty banning nuclear weapons

Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga, Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the UN (Photo: VNA)


New York (VNA) – The adoption of the
first-ever global treaty to ban nuclear weapons at the recent United Nations
conference has great historical, ethical and legal meaning, sending out an
important political message reiterating the determination and aspiration of
people around the world to eliminate nuclear weapons, a Vietnamese diplomat has
said.

Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga, Permanent Representative of
Vietnam to the UN, who led the Vietnamese delegation to the United Nations
Conference to negotiate a legally-binding instrument to prohibit nuclear
weapons, in New York from June 15 to July 7 with the participation of 130 UN
member countries, told Vietnam News Agency correspondents following the signing
of the treaty.

This manifested the tireless struggle carried
out by the countries without nuclear weapons over the past 70 years, Nga noted.

The first-ever global treaty, which received the “yes” votes of 122 nations, prohibits all ratifying
countries never under any circumstances to develop, test, produce, manufacture,
otherwise acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear
explosive devices.

It also bans any transfer or use of nuclear
weapons or nuclear explosive devices and the threat to use such weapons.

Under the new treaty, signatory states must agree to not allow
any other countries to install or deploy nuclear weapons on their territory or
areas within their jurisdiction and control, Nga said.

Particularly, the document stipulates that
countries conducting tests and using nuclear weapons must support victims of
affected nations and address environmental consequences, she noted.

Legally, with the adoption of this treaty, there
have been so far international treaties banning all three types of weapons of
mass destruction, namely nuclear weapons, chemical weapons, and biological
weapons, Nga said.

This is a new progress and an important legal
foundation to strengthen the nuclear weapon disarmament mechanisms towards a
nuclear-free world, she said.

Vietnam has proactively and actively
participated in the negotiation of the treaty, especially strengthening
coordination with other ASEAN members and countries having the same viewpoints
to bring important contents into the treaty such as banning the threat to use
nuclear weapons and stipulating responsibilities of countries testing and using
nuclear weapons for affected ones, she added. – VNA



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