American private university Fulbright to teach Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam

Fulbright has received a lot of public attention as the first private non-profit American university licensed in Vietnam, and many are curious what it is going to teach.  Like any other university in Vietnam, its curriculum will include Marxism, Leninism and Ho Chi Minh ideology, the school’s director Dam Bich Thuy said at a conference in Ho Chi Minh City on Friday.  “They are part of history and there’s no reason to remove them from history,” she said, as cited by local media. But the school will use a different teaching method, she said. Karl Marx will be featured alongside other important German philosophers for students to understand why Marxism emerged when it emerged, Thuy said. Meanwhile, Ho Chi Minh ideology is part of Vietnam’s history, a period which Vietnamese people should be proud of. “If we include Ho Chi Minh ideaology in the teaching of Vietnamese history or Vietnamese literature, I hope that students will feel more interested in the next several years,” she said. Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh ideology are compulsory subjects at all universities in Vietnam. But most students consider the current teaching too “dry” or hard to understand, and many just learn to pass the tests. Thuy said her school will offer sample classes to let students decide if they want to join. Dam Bich Thuy (C) receives a grant from the U.S. government for Fulbright University of Vietnam in June. Photo by VnExpress/Manh Tung Fulbright University Vietnam will receive 60 first students for its master program…... [read more]

For instance, the inspection sector, which is involved in State-governed areas, reported corruption phenomena at its head office and State chief inspector levels. Regarding football, bribe takers were not only referees but also football players. Notably, footballers had conducted the alleged match-fixing during the recent 23rd SEA Games while they should have done their utmost to bring the resounding victory to the nation. Anti-corruption activities are an urgent issue. Before the Anti-Corruption Law was not issued, Vietnam drastically combated corruption. Now more than ever, people working in the inspection and physical training and sports sectors have a thorough grasp of laws. But why does such a negative phenomenon occur so obviously? On the whole, the human factor is at the core of the problem. It is high time to improve personnel organisation. An effective movement requires qualified staff. All movements at any level or in any field must be revolutionary movements led by staff with revolutionary virtues. A revolutionary person must be well educated, trained and best selected and the process needs to be implemented scientifically, exactly and strictly. Revolutionary staff with heavy responsibility, who are assigned or voluntarily undertake tasks, must not be allowed to commit mistakes. State employees receive salaries from the State budget to serve the people. Thus, they have to work effectively without calculating the pros and cons when dealing with people and nation. While realising tasks, each person should exercise their high responsibility in overall relations between the private and the common, between the individual…... [read more]

According to Dr. Le Huu Nghia, member of the Party Central Committee and Editor-in-Chief of Communist Magazine, the experiences of the past 20 years show that the renewal process must serve the people's welfare and develop the people's creative and active roles. The process must recognise reality and always adapt to new developments. "The people's legitimate benefits" are the basis for the foundation of policies and "the people's support" of the Party and State is a standard by which the soundness of policies can be affirmed. The second lesson is that internal strengths must be developed to a high degree, taking advantage of external forces and combining established strengths with new conditions. Vietnam's renewal process has taken place in the context of the booming science and technology revolution and the developing intellectual economy. Thus, Vietnam needs to actively take advantage of these circumstances for its socio-economic development, and needs to create favourable domestic conditions for developing and applying the world's advanced modern technologies. Recognising the trend of the economy's globalisation, the Party and State have been active in international economic integration and implemented independent and sovereign foreign policies in concert with the multilateralisation and diversification of the international relations. Vietnam has to date established diplomatic ties with 167 nations and trade relations with 221 countries and territories worldwide. The country has joined large organisations in the world and in the region such as the Asia Free Trade Area (AFTA), Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and is now…... [read more]

Modern world is an indispensable part of humankind’s development. The change in the history of mankind society has experienced different stages of development, which was defined by Kark Marx as the development of socio-economic morphologies. During the renewal (Doi Moi) process, the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) has implemented an open-door policy to actively integrate in the region and the world, in the spirit of befriending all countries in the international community. Therefore, every change in the world economy, positive and negative, all has certain impacts on the Vietnamese society. Changes in the world economy also influence class relationships, ideology and culture in Vietnam through direct and indirect ways. In terms of direct impacts, alongside with the penetration of the world economy, non-Marxist ideologies and cultures from different countries into Vietnam have directly impacted on the country’s social relations, ideology and culture. Indirect impacts comprise economic ones. The world economy affects the Vietnamese economy and the Vietnamese economy influences social relations, ideology and culture in the country.Vietnamese society formerly did not have class divisions as deep as Western societies.In 1957-1958, the value of total private assets of thousands of bourgeois in Hanoi were only equivalent to that of a large-size mechanical engineering factory of the northern region at the time and a small-sized factory in Hanoi at present. Many households in rural area said to be landlords, only had one-third of a hectare of farm land. The inconsiderable gap between social classes could be attributed to the fact that Vietnam…... [read more]

Ho Chi Minh founded many newspapers and used them as a tool to disseminate Marxism-Leninism.He founded the newspaper Le Paria in France 1921 and Youth in Guangzhou, China in 1925. This newspaper was the official organ of the Vietnam Association of Young Revolutionary Comrades. In Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh held training courses on Marxism-Leninism to prepare for future revolutionary movements in Vietnam. He was very concerned with journalists and the training of journalists immediately after Vietnam gained independence in 1945 and after that, launched the 9-year resistance war against the French colonialists. A first training course for journalists after the August 1945 Revolution was held by Ho Chi Minh at Huynh Thuc Khang school in Viet Bac forest. Huynh Thuc Khang was the only press school in the war against the French. The first press course was held on April 4, 1949 and had 42 trainees. Trainees included reporters from anti-French battle fields and intellectuals from Hanoi and provincial towns who joined the resistance war. The Board of Directors included resourceful and professional journalists such as Nhu Phong, Xuan Thuy, Tu Mo, Bui Huy Phon and Do Duc Duc, who also acted as trainers of the course. Other trainers included famous renowned revolutionaries such as General Vo Nguyen Giap, Truong Chinh, Hoang Quoc Viet and To Huu, and famous writers and poets such as Xuan Dieu, Nam Cao, The Lu and Nguyen Dinh Thi. Despite the shortage of media tools such as tape-recorders, cameras and type-writers, the trainees were provided…... [read more]

Nine decades have elapsed since the success of the Great Russian October Revolution. The dream of the oppressed people in the world to build a society of equality and justice, mastered by the working people has been realised. The October Revolution will be forever seen as the one which liberated mankind and society. It brought about a new world development trend, strengthened the nations’ role in international life and accelerated international relations between nations. While the October Revolution is praised in Russia and many other locations in the world, there remain quite a few hostile arguments. Now as the world is changing it may confuse many people who lack understanding. Marking the 90th anniversary of the October Revolution, we must clarify its historic significance and the light brought by that Revolution.1. The October Revolution was an important breakthrough which created a strong impulse to change the world. Prior to the Revolution, the world belonged to capitalism in Europe which, after defeating feudalism spread all over the world with more economic, political and military strength than ever seen before. The successful October Revolution partly smashed the capitalist system, established socialist countries and a strong international communist and workers’ movements. The entire colonial system collapsed and many countries were liberated. The October Revolution created a chance for the development of all nations and a new counterweight for world balance. The establishment of the Soviet Union and many other socialist countries encouraged other nations. Socialism erased oppression and injustice. The October Revolution even…... [read more]

During the seven day sitting, the 17th Congress of the CPC discussed and adopted the Work Report of the 16th CPC Central Committee, a report of the Party CC’s Commission for Discipline Inspectionandthe Party Constitution (revision). It also elected a 127 member Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. Taking place at a pivotal period of the reform, the most important political task of the congress was to come up with answers for a series of important issues that the country was facing on its progress, including Marxism-Leninism embedded with Chinese characteristics, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents. The congress also went all out to promote the scientific outlook on development on the basis of social harmony, environmental protection and energy conservation, in addition to economic expansion. The congress has summarised lessons learned by the Party, State and people of China in all fields over the past nearly 30 years of reform, particularly the last five years since the 16th Party Congress. The Congress agreed that the reform was the right choice deciding the fate of contemporary China. It is the appropriate path for China to advance toward socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is considered that only socialism could save China, so the CPC was determined to follow the chosen path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Congress came up with new requirements aiming to build a better society with a vigourous economic development, social democracy, improved protection of people’s rights, social equality and justice. The Congress emphasised…... [read more]

Ho Chi Minh is a moral philosopher and a symbol of revolutionary virtue. Ho Chi Minh’s thoughts in general and his moral thoughts in particular were formed, developed and completed in half a century since he wrote his first article under the name of Nguyen Ai Quoc in 1919 to his last article in 1969. His thoughts constituted a great force which deeply and comprehensively impacted on Vietnam’s history and the Vietnamese nation’s destiny in the 20th century and created the Ho Chi Minh era. A major part of his beliefs were developed throughout the revolutionary struggle for national liberation and defence. That is why it is sometimes held that these thoughts had the desired effect in a special historical period. However, the Vietnamese people and Party, with their profound experience and awareness of new requirements the fierce challenges of a new historical period, have confirmed the eternal value of Ho Chi Minh’s Thoughts. They maintain that these thoughts have overcome every historical period to become a symbol of our nation’s invaluable moral values and a torch enlightening our revolutionary struggle not only in the past butalso in the eternal future, despite any changes in the world and the country. Therefore, in its 7th National Party Congress in 1991, the Party confirmed that Ho Chi Minh’s Thoughts and Marxism-Leninism were the spiritual foundation and guidelines for our actions. That was a strong development of our Party’s theoretical and practical thinking and a confirmation of the permanent strength and abiding value…... [read more]

The August Revolution was the outcome of three revolutionary periods led by our Party. The Soviet Nghe Tinh period showed the staunch revolutionary spirit of workers and peasants but did not correctly define the position of intellectuals. The Democratic Front period took place with diverse and dynamic activities of workers and intellectuals in urban areas and international cooperation. In the Viet Minh Front period, our Party and President Ho Chi Minh inherited the revolutionary strength and learned precious lessons from the previous periods to successfully mobilize and assemble patriotic forces of the entire nation in the August 1945 general insurrection to wrest back power for the country. This period showed the integrated strength of the great national unity bloc based on the worker-peasant-intellectual alliance. The August Revolution changed the destiny of the Vietnamese nation, from slavery to master of the country. It liberated the society and people and generated a great national strength. That strength continued to grow through the two great resistance wars against two big imperialist forces and proved effective in economic, cultural, art, scientific, health and educational fields. The working class was the vanguard in the great revolution with the Communist Party as its leader. The worker-peasant alliance made a large and powerful revolutionary army, which shouldered with intellectuals to build a large political force and a resilient revolutionary armed force into a solid bloc of great national unity. The people’s war flared up in rural, mountainous and urban areas. The young revolutionary government made a brave…... [read more]

Nguyen Tat Thanh travelled through many continents and oceans and discovered a simple fact: there were only two races of human beings on this planet - the exploiters and the exploited. He also affirmed the truth of proletarian friendship. Imbued with Vietnam’s traditional humanity, Nguyen Tat Thanh early saw the light of the age – Marxism-Leninism, which he considered as the most stable, authentic, and revolutionary theory. Spring blossomed inside the heart of the young man who was always concerned with the fate of his nation and people and attached his own life to the future of the country. This heralded the historic dawn of the S-shaped land. Nguyen Tat Thanh came to an important conclusion that all black, white, red and yellow workers are brothers. He also discovered that in order to liberate itself from colonialism, Vietnam had to rely on its own strength, first and foremost, and its intellectuals – the elite of the country. With an unmatched political sensitivity, Nguyen Tat Thanh, now Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot), gradually made preparations to found the Vietnamese Communist Party in the spring of 1930. The spring of 1930 bore fruit for the oppressed and paved the way for a people’s democratic revolution and land reforms that would lead to an equitable and socialist society. The Communist Party of Vietnam was the quintessence of the nation’s history and culture. After the birth of the Party came the Nghe-Tinh Soviet revolt led by Communists who sought liberty for farmers in…... [read more]

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