Antibiotics to Be Prohibited in Livestock and Aquatic Farming from 2018

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on Wednesday launched the Việt Nam National Action Plan for management of antibiotic use and control of antibiotic resistance in livestock production and aquaculture in the 2017-20 period. Photo for illustration. The efficacy of antibiotics has been hampered by the development of resistancein bacteria originating from humans, animals, food and the environment.Infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria have led to treatment failures, poor clinical outcomes and deaths.-VNA/VNS Photo With financial support from the United States Agency for International Development, this plan was developed in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) to guide the actions of the agriculture sector and complement the Ministry of Health’s national action plan on combating drug resistance in the 2013-20 period The implementation of the plan is expected to help mitigate the public health risk arising from antibiotic usage in livestock production and aquaculture in Việt Nam. The action plan establishes five specific objectives, including review, revise and enforce policy implementation and governance related to antibiotic use (AMU) and antibiotic resistance (AMR) in livestock production and aquaculture. It also, as expected, helps to increase awareness on AMU and the risk of AMR occurrence among food and agriculture professionals, producers and consumers or implement good practices in animal treatment, animal feed production, livestock husbandry and aquaculture. Deputy Minister of Agriculture Vũ Văn Tám said the popular use of antibiotics…... [read more]

Bac Ninh province will spend 420 billion VND on a school milk programme for more than 557,000 pre-school and primary pupils during 2017-2020. (Photo: Bac Ninh (VNA) – The northern province of Bac Ninh has decided to splash out more than 420 billion VND (18.5 million USD) on a school milk programme for more than 557,000 pre-school and primary pupils during 2017-2020. Of the total, 210 billion VND (9.25 million USD) will come from the provincial budget, some 105 billion VND (4.62 million USD) by milk supplying businesses and 105 billion VND (4.62 million USD) from parents. Disadvantaged students will receive free milk. Per the programme, pre-school and primary school students will receive three 180 ml milk bottles per week for nine months. In the 2017-2018 academic year, some 139,000 local children, including more than 94,000 pre-school children and 44,000 primary students, will benefit from the programme. The school milk programme was launched nationwide on September 28, 2016. It targets providing all pre-school children and elementary pupils in poor districts with milk by 2020, meeting 90-95 percent of their energy demand and increasing the heights of school boys and girls by 1.5 and 2 centimetres, respectively. As many as 60 countries worldwide have responded to World School Milk Day launched by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, including Japan, the Republic of Korea, the US, the UK and Thailand.-VNA... [read more]

NDO – Improper use of antibiotics in breeding will result in antibiotic resistance and residues in food that causes more potential risks for consumers’ health and livelihood. This was stated at a conference on antibiotic management in Hanoi on August 2. Hosted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in collaboration with the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations, the workshop aims to implement Vietnam’s National Action Plan for management of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in livestock and aquaculture for the 2017-2020 periods. With funding from USAID, this plan was developed with technical assistance from FAO to orient agricultural activities and operations of agencies under the MARD, as well as supplement the Ministry of Health's National Action Plan for Drug Resistance during 2013-2020. The plan is expected to contribute to reducing the risk of drug resistance to the community in relation to the use of antibiotics in livestock and aquaculture in Vietnam. The National Action Plan has specific objectives of reviewing, and implementing regulations regarding policies related to antibiotic resistance and antibiotic use in livestock and aquaculture. Another objective of this plan is to raise awareness concerning the use of antibiotics and the risk of antibiotic resistance formation for technicians and professionals working in the field of agriculture and food, as well as farmers and consumers; applying good practices in medical examination and treatment, professional practice in animal feed production, and employing the best practices in…... [read more]

USAID Vietnam Deputy Mission Director Craig Hart speaks at the meeting to launch Vietnam’s national action plan for the reduction of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in livestock production and aquaculture (Photo: VNA) Hanoi (VNA) – A meeting was held in Hanoi on August 2 to launch Vietnam’s national action plan for the reduction of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in livestock production and aquaculture in the 2017-2020 period. Funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the action plan was built with technical support of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). It aims to review, amend and implement regulations and policies relating to antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use in animal husbandry and aquaculture, while raising the awareness of antimicrobial use and the risk of antimicrobial resistance infections among farmers, workers in the agricultural and food industries, and consumers. The action plan looks to promote good practices in medical examination and treatment, animal feed production, animal farming, and aquaculture. It will also supervise antimicrobial use, antibiotic residues, and antimicrobial resistance in livestock production and aquaculture.  Cooperation in antimicrobial resistance management among sectors is also set to be facilitated under the national action plan. Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Vu Van Tam said the use of antibiotics in livestock production in Vietnam hasn’t been strictly monitored, especially in pig and poultry farming. The inappropriate use of antibiotics will lead to antibiotic resistance and residues in food. [WHO urges more efforts…... [read more]

Since Vietnam joined the UN in 1977, it has actively engaged in UN-initiated activities, increasing its relations with other member countries and organisations. From the very first days that the country won UN official membership, it received full advocacy from other UN members, including at the 32nd UN General Assembly when it received approval of Resolution 32/2, which called on nations and aid organisations worldwide to help Vietnam's post-war reconstruction work. Vietnam has also received substantial financial aid and technical support from the UN for its socio-economic development endeavours. During the 1977-1991 period, Vietnam's role and status at the UN were minimised by the Cold War. Despite a myriad of difficulties caused by economic sanctions, Vietnam still managed to mobilise non-refundable aid amounting to more than US$500 million from UN agencies. UN organisations have played a critical role in helping Vietnam overcome socio-economic difficulties and and consequences of wars and natural disasters. They have also provided Vietnam with assistance in various areas, including healthcare, education, maternal and child protection and care and implementation of family planning. These organisations have also created favourable conditions for Vietnam to improve its scientific and technological development, upgrade and build more production units, and enhance its development competence. Since 1991, Vietnam has actively adhered to UN programmes covering themes of global concern such as peace, security, disarmament, socio-economic development, family planning and environmental protection, thus helping to raise the country's status among UN members. To date, twelve UN agencies have opened representative offices in Vietnam,…... [read more]

No appropriate policy In fact, an agricultural insurance programme was piloted in Nam Ninh and Vu Ban districts of northern Nam Dinh province in 1982 by the Vietnam Insurance Corporation (Bao Viet). Two years later, the programme ran out of steam due to the transformation of the economic mechanism from cooperative economy into household economy. In 1993, Bao Viet continued providing services to rice growers in 16 provinces, particularly in central Ha Tinh province which was most often hit by natural calamities. After five years, the programme ended with a loss of VND2.5 billion. The corporation later shifted to other agricultural services such as husbandry, fire protection and cash crops but they all ended in failure. Groupama Vietnam - a wholly-French invested company – recently decided to stop all new services in Vietnam after a trial run. In the first six months of 2004, the company earned only VND5 million in revenue from such services. Before that, Groupama was confident that it would provide insurance services for agricultural production, plant and animal development and property losses. To make more profits, the investor now plans to focus on non-agricultural areas since agricultural insurance runs the risk of natural calamities and epidemics, often leading to inefficient business operations. According to the Vietnam Insurance Association, despite its importance, this kind of service is still very much in its infancy while other insurance services have long developed in the country. That’s why enterprises now want to focus on more profitable services than agricultural insurance.…... [read more]

Among 163 tentative issues, top priority will be given to five topics, namely global climate change, development assistance, the implementation of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the fight against terrorism, enhancing the management capacity and the reform of the United Nations, including the UN Security Council. These global issues, which cannot be solved by any country unilaterally, will be high on the agenda of this year’s session. About 193 speakers, including 70 heads of State and 30 heads of Government, will deliver speeches at this high-level debate. These speeches are considered messages from their respective countries concerning global hot issues which will be debated for appropriate solutions. At the opening address of the general debate on September 25, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called on the international community to take joint action for the sake of “a stronger UN for a better world.” In this spirit, before the debate, the UN organised a number of high-level conferences on global climate change, the situation in Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon and the Middle East. Notably, global climate change is identified as a key issue on the agenda of this year’s session. The UN is expected to work out a roadmap to improve climate change outcomes for mankind from now till 2012 as soon as the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change becomes ineffective. The UN General Assembly is also determined to accelerate the reform process to enhance the management capacity, efficiency and unity of the UN, including the UN Security Council. UN Secretary General Ban…... [read more]

A VINAFOOD II representative revealed the price is fixed at US$410 per tonne, free on board basis and the rice will be shipped to Malaysia in July and August. This is the second biggest rice contract Vietnam, one of the top three rice exporters, has signed with a foreign partner this year, following an 800,000 tonne contract with the Philippines in April. UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) statistics show that average export prices of Vietnam’s 25% broken rice increased to around US$364 per tonne in May 2014, up about 2% from the previous month, but down by about 4% compared to the beginning of the year. The 5% broken rice prices also rose to US$398 per tonne in May 2014 from US$386 per tonne in April, but were lower than the US$401 per tonne recorded at the beginning of the year. Malaysia is Vietnam’s traditional rice importer, with last year’s import volume reaching nearly 466,000 tonnes, down 39% from 2012, according to the General Statistics Office of Vietnam. The Vietnam Food Association (VFA) reported that in April 2014, Vietnam shipped 536,806 tonnes of rice abroad, earning almost US$237 million, free on board (FOB). Since January of this year, local exporters have reaped approximately US$765 million from 1.75 million tonnes, down 18% in both value and volume against the same period last year.... [read more]

The US$4.38 million programme is funded by the Government of Norway and will be run by the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development over two years. It is a joint programme of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). The Central Highland province of Lam Dong has been selected as a pilot site. According to the UN, REDD will support the Vietnamese Government in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and will create financial incentives for Vietnam to preserve and improve its forests. It will also help to combat climate change, conserve biodiversity and reverse land degradation and desertification. In addition, the programme will look at ways to help the countries of the lower Mekong basin avoid cross-border leakages of emissions. Vietnam is one of nine countries chosen for the UN-REDD programme and it is the first country to fully implement measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation. The UN programme is of great importance as over half of Vietnam’s forests are in danger of degenerating.... [read more]

He made the acknowledgement at a meeting on the joint programme between the government and UN agencies on preventing avian influenza and flu among humans in Hanoi on January 14. Participants in the meeting, including representatives of national and international organisation such as the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), assessed the implementation of the programme over the past year and put forth suggestions and solutions for this year. Bisson Andrew, a representative from the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), suggested an official mechanism for making plans among parties to avoid the overlap of components of the bird flu prevention programme. He emphasised the prevention work and pledged to join hands with the Vietnamese government in the fight against the disease. Many other issues such as culling fowls, restructuring the poultry sector and adjusting farmers’ behavior attitudes were dealt with the prevention bird flu. Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Bui Ba Bong reiterated the Vietnamese government’s commitment to bird flu prevention.... [read more]

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