Hand-Foot-Mouth disease in season

For these days, there has been a rise of hand-foot-mouth kids in the Children Hospital No.1 in Ho Chi Minh City. Dr. Truong Huu Khanh, head of the Infection Department at the hospital said that over 50 inpatients are staying in the department for hand-foot-mouth treatment; of them, 2 – 3 are put on ventilator. Likewise, the Children Hospital No.2 provided examination to over 2,000 kids and admitted 153 inpatients since early August. Dr. Tran Thi Kim Van, deputy head of the hospital’s Infection Department said 30 hand-foot-mouth kids are hospitalized in the department.

Hand-Foot-Mouth disease in season

Medical experts said that despite no abrupt leap of hand-foot-mouth patients compared to same period, it is predicted that there will be a surge of infection cases in the next time when students started their new school year. Normally, two periods which outbreaks of hand-foot-mouth will occur are from March to May and September to December which kids are in schools; accordingly, the disease will widely spread amongst kids.

As per the municipal Center for Preventive Medicine, the city has recorded 2,966 inpatients of hand-foot-mouth by middle of August. The figure is 5 percent lower than the same period last year. However, in two recent weeks the number of inpatients rose to 160 people, an increase of 20 cases compared to weeks before. Director of the city’s Center for Preventive Medicine Nguyen Tri Dung said that hand-foot-mouth cases are on rise from now to the end of the year predictably; therefore, the center had distributed chemicals to local governments for disinfection in schools.

Expert advised parents not to neglect the symptoms of the disease. Three-year-old toddle Huynh Thi Huyen Tran hailing from the southern province of Binh Phuoc was diagnosed to contract the disease virus and her condition is serious. Her mother Vo Thi Thuy said that ten days ago, the girl experienced fever and tiny sores in the mouth yet she did not think of the disease. Only when the girl was fatigue and more sore in the mouth that she could not eat three days late, she was taken to the Children Hospital No.2 where doctors diagnosed the little baby to contract HFMD virus in serious condition.

Dr. Khanh noted that parents should not apply ointment or folk drug on kids’ body and parents must bath kids regularly to curb infection. Doctors warned there is no specific treatment besides relief of symptoms and there is no HFMD vaccine currently available. Young children below the age of 5 are most susceptible to it.

Good personal hygiene is the best way to protect yourself and your child from getting HFMD. Things should be done to protect kids including washing hands with soap and water before and after eating and after going to the toilet and before cooking, disinfecting frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs.

By THANH AN – Translated by UYEN PHUONG

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Signs of foot-and-mouth disease in children


At the time of the season, especially in the summer, young children will be more likely to have rash, dengue, acute diarrhea and now the disease of the mouth and limbs in children tend to increase.

- Causes of foot and mouth disease: According to medical experts, hand and foot diseases are common in children under 5 years old. The disease is usually caused by the enteric viruses Coxsackieviruses A16 and enterovirus 71. Foot and mouth disease in children can be spread from person to person through direct contact with nasal, throat, and salivary fluids from sick to healthy children. The main manifestation is skin lesions in the form of blisters in specific areas such as the mouth, palms, soles of the feet, buttocks and pillows. Foot and mouth disease in children usually occurs in crowded areas such as schools, kindergartens ... The disease usually has different signs depending on the specific stage of the disease.

Why is this disease called pharyngitis: Because the disease manifests itself in the blisters of the hands, feet, and mouth.

Signs of hand and foot disease: Signs of pediatric arthritis in children are usually mild, anorexia, fatigue, sore throat, cough, abdominal pain, red rash on the skin.

- The rash on the skin: This is a typical feature when children have limbs in the mouth. In 1-2 days after the disease, the child will have pink spots a few mm in diameter on the normal skin, then become blister. These red rashes appear in the fingers, palms, soles, buttocks. The size of 2-5mm in the middle is dark gray and oval. Signs rash on the baby's skin usually painless, itchy and can last up to 10 days.

- Mouth ulcers: When the rash appear around the mouth will cause mouth sores. These ulcers usually have a diameter of 4-8mm and are in the mouth, on the tongue and palate of the baby making it difficult to swallow. With these signs of foot-and-mouth disease, many parents mistakenly believe they have a common oral ulcer. However, parents should pay close attention to these manifestations, which should be taken to medical facilities to diagnose the disease.

Is hand and foot disease dangerous? Hand and foot disorders in children can cause dangerous discomfort such as meningitis, myocarditis, acute pulmonary edema leading to death if not detected and dealt with promptly.

- Prevention of foot-and-mouth disease: Although there are no specific medicines for foot-and-mouth disease in children at this time, the treatment of symptoms and good care regimen will help to improve the disease soon. Parents should take the child directly to the medical facilities for the doctor to examine and treat the right method, helping to gradually remove the signs of disease of the mouth. Parents should take good care of children at home, feeding children easy to swallow liquid food, avoid spicy food, hot mouth so that the baby mouth is more serious.

Foot and mouth disease in children is caused by intestinal viruses so it can not be treated with conventional antibiotics. Parents need to consult with a physician before taking pediatric medication. It should be taken to the doctor and inpatient treatment when signs of severe disease of the mouth. It is best for parents to take good care of their children, and to provide them with adequate nutrition to help them strengthen their ability to resist, clean and avoid direct contact with nasal, throat, and saliva fluids from sick children. Note: Current dengue fever is also on the rise, with a fever that is similar to hand and foot disease. Learn more about dengue for more accurate diagnosis.




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