Houses for Vietnamese returning from Cambodia to be built

Several draft laws discussed at 14th NA's second session Lawmakers discussed a number of draft laws during the plenary sitting of the second session of the 14th National Assembly in Hanoi on October 27. NA Vice Chairman Uong Chu Luu chaired the event. In the morning, the deputies heard reports verifying the draft Law on Foreign Trade Management, the draft revised Law on Legal Assistance, and the draft revised Law on State Compensation Liability. In the afternoon, they discussed in groups the aforesaid draft laws. On October 28, the deputies will hear and discuss in groups reports of the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court and the Prosecutor General of the Supreme People's Procuracy on prevention of crime, legal violations, and corruption, and judgment enforcement. Artists hold fund-raising music shows for flood victims Vietnamese artists and singers continue to raise funds for people in the central provinces who have been severely affected by the historic flooding. Well-known singer Dam Vinh Hung, along with other artists, visited Ha Tinh Province on October 26 and handed over 2.7 billion VND (120,000 USD) in donations. They also distributed essential commodities to locals. The singer had organised a fund-raising music show, Central Region Heart, which saw artists such as Dam Vinh Hung, Thanh Hoa, Quang Linh, Quang Dung, Duong Trieu Vu, Le Quyen and others performing without honorarium. More than 700 million VND (31,000 USD) was raised from the event. "Artists were passionate about being part of a fund-raising music show. They wanted…... [read more]

Viet Nam News Phan Phùng - Hữu Anh QUẢNG BÌNH - The brutal floods in this central Vietnamse province earlier this month left many farmers struggling. Now more than ever they need urgent support in seedlings and breeding stock to resume production and stabilise their livelihoods. Lost it all In Quảng Bình Province, the farmer's main job is cultivating rice; but, on average, most households own just about four acres of paddy field each. Therefore, in recent years, farmers have also gone into raising livestock to provide them with valuable additional income. But in many areas of the province, which borders the sea to its east, virtually all the pigs, chickens and fish they were raising were washed away by swollen floodwaters. Thuận Đức Commune was spared major deluges in previous years, but this year was innundated with severe flash floods that followed torrential downpours on October 14 and 15. Incomplete figures by Quảng Bình authorities show that the floods inundated about 1,500 hectares of crops, swept away 1,000 hectares of aquaculture farms, and killed 150 cattle plus thousands of fowls. The floods laid waste to 242 farms - 238 of which were integrated farms and aqualculture farms - with total losses estimated at nearly VNĐ100 billion (US$4.5 million). In Hà Tĩnh Province, 30,000 households were impacted by the floods, totaling VNĐ1 trillion of damage. In many areas of Hà Tĩnh Province, especially in worst-hit areas like Hương Khê and Vũ Quang districts, one week after the downpour and floods,…... [read more]

Focusing on Agricultural Development The Government has many policies and measures to rapidly develop economic sectors, including sustainable agricultural development. Agricultural development is combined with effective exploitation of natural resources, reduction of environmental pollution, resettlement of social affairs like employment, economic restructuring and guarantee of national food security. Three target programmes According to a new resolution of the Government on investment for 21 target programmes from 2016 to 2020, the total implemented capital will be VND1,139,235 billion. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development undertakes three target programmes: Sustainable fishery economy development target programme, sustainable forestry economy development target programme and target programme for agricultural economic restructuring, disaster prevention and mitigation and people’s livelihood stabilisation. These three programmes will take VND638,782 billion, accounting for more than 56 per cent of the total capital of 21 target programmes. The sustainable fishery economy development target programme will need VND49,248 billion. Fishery is a big production sector with rational production structure and organisation form. It has high productivity and quality, high effectiveness and competitiveness, and steady integration into international economy. People engaged in fishery have gradually increased incomes and living standards. Besides, the programme will protect the ecological environment, aquatic resources, and national defence and security. From now to 2020, the average annual growth of aquaculture production value will reach 6 per cent, the total output of aquatic products will climb to 6.5 - 7 million tonnes, and aquatic export value will amount to US$8 - 9 billion. All baby fish species will…... [read more]

This Convention now became the primary instrument governing the conduct of States in their uses of the ocean. The adoption of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea met the desire and expectations of the international community for a fair international legal framework related all issues on the sea and ocean, including seabed and the subsoil of the submarine areas. The process of negotiation of the UNCLOS took years to be completed with efforts of over 150 states and international organizations, including NGOs. To date, 164 States are party to the UNCLOS. The UNCLOS is a constitutive multilateral treaty, setting out the rights and obligations of States and other international actors in different maritime areas and in relation to various uses of the ocean. Therefore, the Convention is accepted by such a large number of states, including land-locked ones. The UNCLOS laid the foundation for the establishment of a new legal order for issues related to the sea and ocean. It comprehensively covers all sea-related areas, taking into account the interests of all states in the world, be they developed or developing, large or small, coastal or land-locked. Since its entry into force on November 16, 1994, the UNCLOS has become an important legal basis for regulating maritime issues as well as an important legal instrument for settling and dealing with sea-related disputes. That is why the UNCLOS is considered as “A Constitution for the Oceans”. Throughout its 30 years of existence, the UNCLOS has been…... [read more]

This was announced by senior specialist in education Nguyen Thanh Binh from the World Bank, at the start of a 10-day inspection campaign on May 19. She said the project is making progress as it has already helped to improve the quality of teaching in the most difficult schools. The project’s sustainability has been ensured with commitments from the Government and the Ministry of Education and Training, to uphold the project’s basic quality standards in materials, teaching staff and educational environment for primary schools in disadvantaged areas. PEDC Executive Manager Dang Tu An said that the project has employed 7,050 extra teaching assistants, mostly from the ethnic minority groups who are playing an active role in encouraging the children to go to school. The project has so far disbursed the entire grant budget, 65 percent of loans and 67 percent of the Government’s committed financial contributions, he concluded. To ensure equality, the WB has invited donors, including the Canadian and Danish embassies, the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) and the UK Department for International Development to take part in the inspections. They will pay field-trips to the most disadvantaged provinces, representing the three regions of the country, namely the northern mountainous province of Bac Kan, the central province of Quang Binh and the southern province of Dong Thap.... [read more]

The building will be located at 2E Van Phuc compound which is currently under the management of the Service Department of Diplomatic Corps of the Foreign Ministry, according to the Government Office. The Vietnamese Government will make a financial contribution to the building of the one UN house in terms of offering land rental exemption for the first 11 years. The Hanoi authorities have been requested to do whatever they can for the UN agencies’ upgrade and expansion work on the place in line with Vietnam’s laws. The Foreign Ministry and other relevant ministries and agencies are asked to coordinate with the UN and assist in the work.... [read more]

This is an effective way of avoiding wastefulness, said EMW National Director Nguyen Minh Chau at a seminar on Output-Based Aid (OBA) in Hanoi on Dec. 13. Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Dao Xuan Hoc affirmed that Vietnam has encouraged all economic sectors to invest in rural clean water programmes of output-based projects. According to Hoc, OBA has mobilized capital from businesses and people investing in rural clean water programmes. A majority of poor people have the chance to access clean water sources with small financial contributions. In the meantime, OBA has clearly defined the responsibility of businesses when they are investors-cum-owners. World Bank Country Director for Vietnam Victoria Kwakwa said that using output-based financial assistance to implement projects in Vietnam to improve the living conditions of poor families in a sustainable way is a new approach and the WB supported this type of assistance to the country. Vietnam aims to have all its people gain access to clean water by 2020. However, it is not an easy task, said Nguyen Thanh Luan, Vice Director of the clean water and environment sanitation programmes. Vietnam Plus... [read more]

Smoking-related diseases kills 40,000 last year Medical costs for lung cancer, chronic blockades and other smoking-related diseases total VND2.3 trillion a year, an August 22 seminar in Hanoi was told. At the seminar which aimed to assess Vietnam’s capacity to prevent and control the harmful effects of smoking, Deputy Health Minister Nguyen Thi Xuyen said Vietnam is facing a series of challenges such as a high rate of male smokers and the common social tolerance for smoking. Therefore, the Vietnamese Government has increased its efforts to build the draft law on the prevention and control of smoking and asked experts to contribute opinions before it is submitted to the NA for approval. Experts said the draft law should focus on clarifying a number of issues, including the low contribution of domestic sources to 10 percent total expenditure on smoking prevention and control in Vietnam, which they said will not ensure the sustainability of the programme. Vietnam should soon set up a fund for smoking prevention and control, using financial contributions from tobacco production and trading enterprises, they said. The draft law is also not strong enough to reduce the impact of smoking on the community, the warning on tobacco packages is not strong enough to attract attention and projects to disseminate the issue have not been able to change people’s behaviour, they said. In addition, tobacco consumption and production taxes in Vietnam remain cheaper than in other regional countries in the region, which is a factor in increasing the number…... [read more]

Currently non-European nationals coming to work, study or join family members receive free medical treatment under the UK’s NHS in the same way as a permanent resident. These changes will ensure that those coming to live in the UK make an appropriate financial contribution to the cost of their healthcare. The health surcharge will be £200 per year and £150 per year for students and will be payable at the same time that an individual submits their visa application on-line. Visa applicants will need to pay up-front for the total period of their UK visa. British Ambassador to Vietnam Giles Lever said, “The UK is hugely proud of its National Health Service, which provides world class care to all residents. It is only fair that those coming to live or study in the UK make a financial contribution to the public services they are entitled to access, which is why we are introducing this change. “We, of course, recognise the very valuable contribution those coming to the UK to study and work make to the wider economy and so have deliberately kept the surcharge at a competitive level - lower than most private health insurance policies.” The changes will not affect visitors coming to the UK on a visit visa and visitors will continue to have to pay for any treatment they receive from the NHS at the point they receive it. The surcharge levels are lower than the cost of medical insurance required in some of our competitor nations…... [read more]

Many deputies agreed with the second option of the draft law, which says subjects benefitting from legal assistance are poor people (according to the national poverty criteria), social policy beneficiaries, and ethnic people living in far-flung areas (mountains and islands) and especially disadvantaged areas. Deputy Pham Thi Thu Hoa from the Red River Delta province of Thai Binh suggested that vulnerable groups such as children, people with disabilities, female victims of violence and elderly people without support should also benefit from free legal assistance so as to show the superiority of the regime. Deputy Nguyen Thi Mai Hoa from central Nghe An province asked the law compiling board to make clear the purpose, establishment and management mechanisms of the legal assistance fund. To make the fund operate efficiently, she asked NA committees to draw up plans to inspect the organisation and operations of this fund. Deputy Le Kim Toan from central Binh Dinh province said that such a fund should be established at the provincial and municipal level in addition to the central level, citing the fact that all legal assistance-related issues occur in localities. Discussing the issue, deputy Nguyen Duc Chinh from Ho Chi Minh City said that legal assistance is a social policy and the State should mobilise its forces to implement it, while co-ordinating with other forces in society, including lawyers. Regarding the socialisation of legal assistance activities, Mr Chinh said that the State should provide specific incentives and rewards to encourage people to engage in the…... [read more]

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