Vietnam’s land use efficiency remains low

An abandoned apartment complex project in the Nam An Khanh urban area in the capital city’s Hoai Duc district (Photo: VNA)

Hanoi (VNS/VNA) – Land use efficiency in cities in Vietnam remains
low due to delayed projects, unused houses and improper land use planning,
according to experts.

Chairman of Vietnam Construction
Association Tran Ngoc Hung said that on average, every square kilometre of
urban land in Vietnam was used by about 2,100 people, while in other Asian
countries, the rate was about 10,000 people per square kilometre.

Delayed projects accompanied by unused land
and unused houses caused significant wastage and low land use efficiency, he
said.

He added that Vietnam gave up too much land
and investment on housing projects in cities, which hindered the development of
new urban areas or satellite cities.

In Hanoi alone, major central hospitals
like Bach Mai, Viet Duc or Military Hospital 108 have been expanded to meet the
increased demand. Many State and Government offices are based in the city
centre, and big hotels are built on crowded streets.

The move of factories from inner-city
districts was expected to make room for public infrastructure like parks,
schools or play grounds. However, so-called high profit housing projects have
typically been developed on the land where the factories used to be.

“Once new urban areas and satellite cities
fail to attract people to live and work, projects there faced risks of being
halted or delayed,” Hung told a recent meeting on urban land use efficiency
held by the association. He cited examples of projects along Thang Long
Boulevard or National Highway 32 in Hanoi, the urban area to the east of Hai
Phong city.

“Increased land use efficiency in cities is
an important factor to develop green and modern cities,” he said.

Dao Trung Chinh, vice head of the Land
Management Department under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
said the Government had approved land use plans but such plans were not
implemented strictly.

Investors were not interested in projects
in old urban areas because of modest available land, high prices, and high
population density, he said.

“Vietnam still needs a better legal
framework on urban development control to attract investors,” he said.

Associate Professor and Dr Tran Trong Hanh,
former principal of Hanoi Architecture University said that in order to
increase land use efficiency in urban areas, it was necessary to classify land
for urban construction, identify optimal capacity of urban areas, and select
land for urban construction.

Hanh suggested that a sustainable
immigration policy could pave the way to higher land use efficiency in urban
areas.

Land use planning should be in accordance with
urban planning, he added. – VNA



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