Phu Quoc set to live up to its Special economic zone status

Bai Sao beach, a popular tourist spot on Phu Quoc Island of the southern province Kien Giang. (Photo: VNA)

Hanoi (VNS/VNA) – With its advantages fully recognised,
the southern “emerald island” of Phu Quoc off of Kien Giang province is set to
live up to its title of a special administrative-economic zone.

Many investors are flocking towards the
“promised land,” especially since early 2014 when the island was connected to
the national electrical grid via submarine cables.

On the sides of the main road from the coastal
Duong Dong town – lying at the midsection of the island – to the southern tip,
several hotels, restaurants, apartment complexes and resorts are under
construction – the majority of these projects owned by big-name corporations,
domestic and foreign. Similarly, to the north, tourist and entertainment
complexes with scales ranging from vast to medium-sized have popped up in
recent months.

Nguyen Thong Nhat, head of the management board
for investment and development of Phu Quoc Island, says that at the moment, 265
projects are underway or set to be operational on the island, covering a total
area of 10,500 ha. Of this figure, 197 projects – covering 7,200ha, and with total
committed investment of 218 trillion VND (9.592 billion USD) have only been
granted investment permits, 31 projects have already become operational, 24 are
undergoing construction, while the remainder are “finalising investment

“Among these projects, 26 are foreign direct
investment (FDI) with total capital set to reach 290 million USD,” Nhat told the
Tien Phong (Vanguard) newspaper.

Aside from the private sector projects, several
large-scale public projects are being carried out throughout the island to meet
the demands of an economy growing at 25-30 percent a year, said Huynh Quang
Hung, Vice Chairman of Phu Quoc People’s Committee.

Most notable projects are
the Phu Quoc international airport (phase 2) with total investment of 3
trillion VND (132 million USD); the 51.5km long north-south axis road – with
investment of 2.5 trillion VND (110 million USD) – which has achieved 92 percent
completion; and the 100km island-bound road, with investment of more than 3
trillion VND (68 percent of the workload has been finished). Other projects
include upgrading the An Thoi fishing port, breakwater construction and
dredging at the Duong Dong river’s outfall, as well as an international
passenger port in Dong Duong.

Robust growth

Together with the influx of investment, the
stream of tourists to the island has also seen a dramatic increase, said Hung.

The number of tourists coming to Phu Quoc in
2016 rose 63 percent compared to 2015, and the first six months of 2017 saw a
44 percent increase compared to the same period in 2016, while the number of
international tourists increased by 77 percent.

The island is also receiving an influx of people
from the mainland looking for job opportunities.

Tran Van Phuong, 25, hailing from An Giang province, came here 2 years ago to work as an ironworker for the numerous
construction projects underway on the island.

“I can earn 300,000 VND (13.2 USD) for a day’s work,
double the amount I get back in my hometown, in addition to free meals,” Phuong

Despite higher living costs on the island than
on the mainland, but offset by higher income, there is an increasing number of
people from all over the country arriving here seeking jobs.

A tremendous amount of energy is required to
drive the booming development of the island. According to Nguyen Van Minh, head
of Phu Quoc Electricity Company, the average year-on-year electricity
production growth rate is over 103.48 percent. Electricity output has
increased from 57.4 million kWh in 2013 to an estimated 297 million kWh in

However, accompanying this bubbling growth are
numerous “headaches” that the authorities need to address, especially in terms
of environmental protection, said Huynh Quang Hung.
Waste treatment facilities on the island are still lacking – the waste
treatment plant is still being built, a plan for a wastewater treatment system
remains on paper due to lack of funds.

The stream of workers coming from other
localities also pose an array of public order issues in certain areas.

In addition, Hung said, the number of complaints
and lawsuits concerning the land compensation rate is also on the rise.

More robust government

Hopes are high for a special zone unburdened by
common constraints and enjoying privileges other localities can only dream of.

Ass. Prof. Dr Tran Dinh Thien, head of the Vietnam Institute of Economics, in a conference discussing policies for Phu Quoc,
said that the competitiveness of the locality must be raised to an “outstanding
level, of the highest order.”

To fully achieve its full potential and live up
to its future status, Chairman of Kien Giang province People’s Committee, Pham
Vu Hong, stressed the life-and-death need for a new policy mechanism for Phu Quoc as a special administrative-economic unit.

According to Hong, Phu Quoc “has an economy on a
scale equal to that of a full-fledged province, but its governing body remains
the same as one governing a district.”-VNA

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